Chinese Grammar: Expressing "both...and" with 既...又... and 既...也....
Lupishu's so happy he's learning Chinese so well with Nincha. His dragon heart is full of love and he wants to say to Nincha, Yocha and the gang: Shu! You guys are both cool and clever! But then, he realized, how do you say “both...and” in Chinese? 既...又... and 既...也.... are the structures to know.
Allow me to explain: In this structure, you can use adjectives, nouns, verbs or short phrases after both 既 and 又. All are correct, which makes this structure super flexible. Neat, no? The one thing you need to pay attention to: is the fact you have to keep the same form after each word. In other words, you can’t put an adjective after 既 and put a verb after 又. That terribly recks the sentence's balance and won't sound right.
The pattern 既...也 can be also used when you want to express “both...and”. There's little difference in terms of meaning but grammar-wise, do keep in mind this structure is only used with verbs or verb phrases, placed after both 既 and 也.
So there you have it! Two ways to say "both ... and":
- 既...又: is quite flexible and will accept nouns, verbs, and adjectives. Just remember they like to match, so pair nouns with nouns when using this structure, adjectives with adjectives and so on.
- 既 and 也: this structure is only partial to verbs and verb phrases.
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