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Chinese Grammar: Lesson: Chinese prefix 老 and 阿

Nincha loves to call Yocha 苹果. As a clear proof of his profound respect for Yocha, Nincha like the Chinese used to add to show some kind of respect and warm. Even if adding a prefix is not really common in Chinese, the Chinese use and quite often, you'll see.

Rules about the prefix -

is a prefix and a prefix is called 前缀 in Chinese, such as “re-work” in English. can be added to many words to form a new meaning. can be both an adjective and means “aged/old”, or it can be an adverb and means “always”.

Structure [ + Word]

Usually, use this structure to address people which you are familiar and still want to be cordial. It helps identify people informally but with respect. Let’s take a look at some examples:

Examples

老师 - teacher
老板 - boss
老虎 - tiger
老鼠 - mice
老妈 - mom
老爸 - dad
老公 - husband
老婆 - wife

Structure [老lo] + 姓氏]

with a family name is a familiar way to address people to show kindness to a close person.

Examples

- Lao Wang
- Lao Li

Rules about the prefix -

is a particle in Chinese, just like . It's also a prefix to address people informally in spoken Chinese, you can always hear people using it.

Structure

[ + Word]

Examples

阿姨 - auntie
- aunt
阿妹 - sister
阿弟 - brother
阿三 - the informal way of saying the Indians

In the south of China, they always address people this way

- A Qiang [+name].

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