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Chinese Grammar: Lesson: Expressing warning with 以免

"Life is like a box of chocolates. You never know what you’re gonna get.” The infamous Forrest Gump’s lines. And it’s true there are always unexpected events happening. What we can do is trying to avoid the bad things from happening. Let’s look at how to express warnings and alert in Chinese.

Rules

One of the words you could use is 以免 to say “to avoid”. The word is interesting because both of the two characters composing are 以免 a shortened form. is short for 以便 which means “in order to”; is short for 避免 which means “to avoid”. Together 以免 means “in order to avoid” or “for fear that” to warn or to remind somebody.

Using 以免 in a clause

You generally use it by giving a suggestion or a context before 以免, and, indicate results or warnings just after.

Structure

Clause, + 以免 + Result

Examples

穿 以免 生病
Wear more clothes in order to avoid you from getting sick.

以免 发生 事故
Drive slowly in order to avoid the accident.

快点以免 迟到
Walk quickly, for fear that you’ll be late.

以免 发胖
Eat less in order to avoid the fatness.

Using 以免 in a clause

You can use 以免 followed by a subject and a predicate to warn people about things.

Structure

以免 + Subject + Predicate

Examples

告诉 以免 生气
Don’t tell him that in order to avoid him from being angry.

一些 面包以免 路上 挨饿
Bring some bread in order to avoid the hunger on the road.

好好 努力以免 考试 失败
Work hard in order not to fail in your exam.

声音 以免 听不见
Speak loudly for fear that he can’t hear you.

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