Chinese Grammar: Expressing warning with 以免
"Life is like a box of chocolates. You never know what you’re gonna get.” The (in)famous Forrest Gump’s lines. And, indeed, there are always unexpected events happening. What we can do is try to prevent bad things from happening. Let’s look at how to express warnings and alerts in Chinese.
One of the words you could use to say “to avoid” is 以免. The word is interesting because both of the two characters composing 以免 are a shortened form of other words. 以 is short for 以便 which means “in order to”; 免 is short for 避免, which means “to avoid”. And so, together 以免 means “in order to avoid” or “for fear that”. As such it's easy to see why it's used to warn or to remind somebody of something.
Using 以免 to give advice
When you want to help someone and remind them that doing "something" will lead to a bad consequence, 以免 is your guy. You usually start by giving a suggestion or describing a context before 以免 and then indicate results or warnings just after.
Clause, + 以免 + Result
Using 以免 to give a warning
You can use 以免 followed by a subject and a predicate to warn people about things.
以免 + Subject + Predicate
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