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Chinese Grammar: Lesson: Expressing “even” with “连...都/也.”

In Chinese, there are lots of patterns used in an associate contextual clause or a compose sentence. In fact, we’ve already learned many of them like expressing cause and effect, making supposes or concessions, etc. You guys may notice that in these grammatical structures, there are always appeared some conjunction words to link the structure in order to see the sentence well functioned.

Today let’s look at how to express “even” with the conjunction words “.../” in a sentence pattern.

Rules

When expressing determination in Chinese, sometimes you need to add an extra explanation to stress a certain unexpected situation or something surprising.

In that case, to describe determination use the sentence structure ... /.

Structure

+ Noun + / + Adjective/Verb/Phrase

Examples

特别 喜欢 中文 做梦
He especially likes studying Chinese, even in his dreams, he's studying Chinese.

奶奶的 生日
I’m so busy, even forgot my grandma’s birthday.

时间
I'm so tired I won't even take the time to eat.

这个 这么 简单 知道
This is so simple, even he knows the answer.

Using it for comparison

This structure .../ can be used to compare two situations. If you add a 不如 after /, you'll express that you are surprised by one of the situations or comparing to the other one. Attention here usually the part after is used to emphasize in the comparison.

Structure

+ Noun + / + 不如

Examples

这个 小孩 不如。 You don’t understand this, even a kid understands it.

这么 不会 做饭 妹妹 不如
You are so grown up now, and you still can't cook yourself a meal, even your little sister is better at cooking than you.

竟然 不会 上网 奶奶 不如
You don’t know how to use the Internet, even grandma knows how.

到底 什么 朋友 不如
What on earth do I mean to you, you don't even treat me like a friend?

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