Chinese Grammar: Expressing “If... then” with 如果
Yocha’s always trying to instill some manners into Nincha and warning Lupishu not to do the same silly things. A sentence structure he particularly loves to use is 如果...就 -- "If...then".
No wonder! It’s perfect to talk about actions and potential consequences. So let’s study this very common pattern in Chinese!
如果 means "if". It is always placed at the beginning of a sentence or phrase.
As you know, when there's an if, there's usually a potential consequence that goes with it.
This pattern is a simple way to form a conditional statement. It works the same way as the pattern “if”... then” in English.
Let's look at other example sentences with 如果。
In this "If"... "then" structure, 如果 doesn't only hang out with 就. So you'll find other words are used instead of 就.
请 is a frequent flyer, especially to sound more polite.
那么 is also a popular choice to express what will happen if that condition is met. It'll make your sentence sound more relaxed and gives it an informal feel. The shortened 那 is also sometimes used instead of 那么.
Another good thing to know is that in this pattern, 就 (or any other word instead) is often omitted, the same way in English, you often drop the “then”.
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