Chinese Grammar: Lesson: 一样 & 没有 to compare
Do you guys remember how to compare something with 比? Since you guys are so cool at learning Chinese, it’s time to show you two other simple patterns you can use to compare things in Mandarin Chinese.
一样 to compare things that are the same
一样 means “the same”, “identical”. It is therefore used to compare things you think are the same in some way.
In this comparison structure, 一样 is paired with either 和, which means “and” or with 跟, which here means “as”. To compare two elements, you only need to place each item you find similar and wish to compare on either side of 和(跟) and then add一样 at the end. 和 and 跟 can be used interchangeably in this structure and are used to link the two elements together, while 一样 indicates you find them the same.
More specific comparisons with 一样
You can also add an adjective after 一样 to make your comparison more specific.
Comparing elements with 没有
Another way to compare elements is to use 没有. You use 没有 to talk about things that are “not as”something “as” something else, in the following pattern: 没有……那么(这么). This structure is the complete opposite of a comparison with 比 which, as you remember, is used to express that something is “more than” something else.
To use this pattern, place the two elements you wish to compare on either side of 没有 and end your comparison with an adjective. The noun you place first will be the lesser adjective, the one “not as” the second noun. 那么(which means like that, so) or 这么(so much, this way, like this) can be added before the adjective to reinforce the comparison.
You can also choose to leave out the 有 in this pattern.
Now that you've learned about 一样 and 没有, two new ways to compare, and since you already know how to use 比 like a pro, you can now compare all sorts of things and say that A > B, A = B and A < B. Isn't that great?
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