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Chinese Grammar: Expressing contrariness with 倒

The word is a fascinating word in Chinese, and it has a lot of useful usages.

Use when you want to express a point or to contrast two things.

However, it's not as simple as saying "but". stresses on the "reverse" of things. You can use to indicate something is going against what is expected.

as a verb meaning "upside down" and "to pour something"

The very primary use of is being a verb which means "upside down."

Example

This painting is upside down

can also mean "to pour something."

Example

to pour the water;

摔倒 to fall down

as a verb is very straightforward to use.

as an adverb

used as an adverb express "on the contrary," something contrary to what we are expecting. Usually, when using this word, there exist two sides of a situation, one is positive, and one is negative.

Expressing an unexpectedly positive situation

In this situation, you can describe, first, a negative situation and then add with a positive situation or remark to contrast.

Structure

Situation 1 + Negative side, (Situation 2) + + Positive side]

Examples

这个 饭店 环境 挺好 。 The environment of this restaurant is bad, but the dishes are pretty tasty.

经常 上课成绩 不错 。 He usually doesn't go to classes; however, he has good grades.

虽然 天气 倒是 有点 。 Though the weather is sweltering, (but) there is still a gentle breeze.

Expressing a concession and a complaint

In this case, you should announce the positive side after first and then add some conjunction words like 不过, 但是, 就是 to make a negative comment to opposite the former positive saying.

Structure

+ Positive side (concession) + 不过 / 但是 / 就是 + Negative side

Examples

裙子 倒是 好看就是 有点儿 。 The dress looks pretty nice, but a little bit expensive.

北京 倒是 值得 但是 。 Beijing is worth visiting, it's just that the people are too crowded.

这个 倒是 不错不过 说话 。 He is a pretty nice guy, but he doesn't talk that much.

Sentence pattern with

When using as an adverb, you can also add after a verb together with to describe something that is totally the opposite side.

Structure

Subject + Verb + + + Adjective

Note that in this structure, you need to follow the form verb before and adjective after , let's see some examples, and you'll understand how to use it.

Examples

得到 容易但是 付出 行动 ! It's easy for you to talk, but you should also take action!

这儿 得到 不错就是 。 It's nice to eat here, it's just that a little bit expensive.

每天 饺子 ! Eating dumplings every day? You are just dreaming! (because it is complicated to make)

Expressions with

In daily life, you can always hear some expressions with in spoken Chinese.

Expression 1

。 I guess so.

Expression 2

不如。 Rather than.

Expression 3

帮倒忙

This one is funny, you guys must know what 帮忙 means. 帮忙 means to help or to give a hand. However, if you add in the middle of it, it means the reverse side, to help to make the situation getting worse. So never 帮倒忙 to others, it's better you do nothing compared to 帮倒忙

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