Chinese Grammar: Expressing contrariness with 倒
The word 倒 is a fascinating word in Chinese, and it has a lot of useful usages.
Use 倒 when you want to express a point or to contrast two things.
倒 as a verb meaning "upside down" and "to pour something"
The very primary use of 倒 is being a verb which means "upside down."
倒 can also mean "to pour something."
摔倒 to fall down
倒 as a verb is very straightforward to use.
倒 as an adverb
倒 used as an adverb express "on the contrary," something contrary to what we are expecting. Usually, when using this word, there exist two sides of a situation, one is positive, and one is negative.
Expressing an unexpectedly positive situation
In this situation, you can describe, first, a negative situation and then add 倒 with a positive situation or remark to contrast.
Situation 1 + Negative side, (Situation 2) + 倒 + Positive side]
Expressing a concession and a complaint
In this case, you should announce the positive side after 倒 first and then add some conjunction words like 不过, 但是, 就是 to make a negative comment to opposite the former positive saying.
Sentence pattern with 得
Note that in this structure, you need to follow the form verb before 得 and adjective after 倒, let's see some examples, and you'll understand how to use it.
Expressions with 倒
In daily life, you can always hear some expressions with 倒 in spoken Chinese.
This one is funny, you guys must know what 帮忙 means. 帮忙 means to help or to give a hand. However, if you add 倒 in the middle of it, it means the reverse side, to help to make the situation getting worse. So never 帮倒忙 to others, it's better you do nothing compared to 帮倒忙！
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