Chinese Grammar: Lesson 存现句 - Existential verbs and sentences
As Shakespeare once said: to be or not to be, that is the question. “be” in Chinese is an existential verb and that is what we’re going to learn about today. An existential word can show you if something exists or not. So if you'd like to know if there’s a Starbucks in the neighborhood, you can use an existential word.
Now that you know what existential words are, you'll find they appear a lot in daily conversations.
Existential verb 是
You can use 是 “to be” to express the existence of an object.
Place + 是 + object
Existential verb 有
Another verb to express the existence of something is 有 to have.
Place + 有 + object
Existential verb 着
You can also use 着 to express the existence of something.
Place + Verb + 着 + object
Existential verb 了
A little different than the other words we just saw to express existence, with 了, you can both express something that appears or disappears.
Place + Verb + 了 + object
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