Chinese Grammar: Lesson: Borrow or lend?
Imagine you find yourself in an urgent situation: you're about to take the HSK test, and you realize you forgot your pens at home! Then you need to borrow one immediately from someone, right?!
In English, it's easy. When we want to borrow or to lend, the distinction is clear. However, in Chinese, it turns out to be another thing entirely, it's not that simple.
In Chinese, to say “to borrow” and “to lend”, there's only one term: 借. That's confusing!
Expressing “to lend” with 借给
Lender + 借给 + Borrower + Something
or you can use
Using 借 to cover both meanings
Here is the tricky one. When used on its own, 借 can mean both “to borrow” and “to lend”. You can directly use this word if you want to express either meaning. The counterpart to that is that you need to pay attention to the context to tell whether it means “to borrow” or “to lend”.
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