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Chinese Grammar: Lesson: Basic comparison with 比

How am I doing? Is he better than me? Classic questions when you start doing anything! So how do you compare yourself to others in Chinese?

Let’s compare

There's a simple structure to use to make basic comparisons: !

Structure

To say that one thing is more [something] than another, the structure is:

Noun 1 + + Noun 2 + Adjective.

Basically, you’re saying “ You “than” me taller”, instead of “you are taller than me”.

Examples

飞机
Planes are faster than ships.

觉得 羊肉 好吃
I think fish is more delicious than lamb.

冬天 教室 外面里面
It is colder outside the classroom than inside.

Three things to keep in mind

  • The noun that's placed first is the one that comes out on top in the comparison. So in the sentence 飞机 , if you were to put boats first, you’d be saying: 飞机 , boats are faster than planes, which would be false.

  • can only used to be compare dissimilar things. It can definitely not be used to talk about things that are similar. There’s a structure for that, which you’ll learn later.

  • Lastly, you should only use positive adjectives in the comparison, not negative.
    He can be taller than you but you can't be less tall than him in this structure. That is to say, you can’t say 飞机 不快 either: that is also incorrect!

Not as big as me

Don't worry though, there are ways to negatively compare yourself to others or others to you (if you like to do that. Don’t though, it just brings you down.). If you use it the other way around, it’s a great way to flatter yourself.

The most common way to say someone or a thing is less something than someone else is by using 没有, which you’ve encountered before as meaning “not”. Well, here, it also takes on a comparison dimension, and means "not as…as".

It works like but in reverse: the first noun is less something than the other noun.

Structure

Noun 1 + 没有 + Noun 2 + Adjective

Examples

今天没有
Today isn't as warm as yesterday.

没有 妹妹 漂亮
She isn't as pretty as her younger sister.

不比 trap

The other way is a little more subtle, and means "no(t) more… than".
You should have no problem remembering what it is: it's 不比, which is pronounced bùbǐ - yes, it sounds an awful lot like boobie but no snickering. Now, maybe this part's title makes more sense.

Structure

Subject + 不比 + Noun + Adjective/Verb

Example


He is no taller than me.

Compare: Which sounds more conceited?

You're not as smart as me. (没有) 没有 聪明

You're not smarter than me. (不比) 聪明

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